State Export Data

By: Caribert Irazi

Our monthly report on U.S. International Trade in Goods and Services is called the FT-900. The report includes import and export data on trade between the United States and foreign countries. While the data in the report are primarily at the national level, did you know you can get export data at the state level?

Business Data Graph USA

We release export data on a quarterly and annual basis for each state, including the District of Columbia, Puerto Rico, and the U.S. Virgin Islands. State export data refer to the state where merchandise originated and are grouped by industrial categories, which are classified by the North American Industry Classification and the Harmonized Tarriff System.

How is state export data collected?

State export data is collected through the Automated Export System (AES). When a filer submits Electronic Export Information (EEI) to the AES, the shipment is connected with the “State” selected in the “EEI: USPPI” section. Additionally, the foreign country is connected with the “Country of Destination” selected in the “EEI: Shipment Information” section.

For example, let’s say a manufacturer in Washington sold airplane parts to a buyer in China. The manufacturer then ships the parts to a port in California, where they will load on a vessel to transport to China. Which state will be selected for this shipment?

  • Answer: Washington

How can you use state export data?

State export data are useful in a couple of ways:

  • Documenting trends of export trade by state;
  • Helping businesses realize the potential for growth opportunities.

Where can you access state export data?

If you are interested in obtaining state export data, check out “State Trade by Commodity and Country” on the FTD’s website. For more detailed data, check out USATrade Online.

If you need assistance, please contact the Data Dissemination Branch at 1-800-549-0595, option 4.

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U.S. International Trade deficit decreased in March 2014

By: Jason Jindrich

In March, the Nation’s international trade deficit in goods and services decreased $1.5 billion to $40.4 billion as exports increased more than imports, led by increases in exports of capital goods ($2.1 billion). Among the highlights, March was a record month for exports of services ($58.8 billion) and of non-petroleum exports ($122.7 billion). In addition, March saw record exports to Canada ($27.2 billion), South Korea ($4.4 billion), and to the CAFTA-DR ($2.9 billion). Increases in imports led to a record month for foods, feeds, and beverages ($10.6 billion) and non-petroleum imports ($163.3 billion).

Changes Coming Next Month

Exhibit 20: The “U.S. International Trade in Goods and Services: April 2014” will be the first to include a new tabulation (Exhibit 20) presenting quarterly seasonally adjusted trade in goods and services on a balance of payments basis for select major trading partners. An example of the Exhibit 20 template is available here.

Reclassification of Goods to a BOP Basis: Net exports of goods under merchanting (net exports that reflect goods purchased and sold abroad without entering the United States and so are not accounted for by U.S. Customs), which are currently included as trade in services under other private services, will be reclassified as goods through a new balance of payments adjustment.

Changes to Services: The number of service categories in Exhibits 3 and 4 will change and increase from seven to nine. The new categories will be: maintenance and repair services; transport; travel (for all purposes including education); insurance services; financial services; charges for the use of intellectual property; telecommunications, computer, and information services; other business services; government goods and services.

Revisions to Goods and Services: On June 4, 2014, the U.S. Census Bureau and the U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis will release “U.S. International Trade in Goods and Services: Annual Revision for 2013”, reflecting corrections and adjustments to trade in goods on a Census basis beginning with 2011, and statistics calculated on a balance of payments basis beginning with 1999.

More detailed information about these last three changes is available here.

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What does the “AES Rehost” mean to you?

By: Omari Wooden

Global Business Network BackgroundOver the last few months, there have been numerous discussions about the changes to the Automated Export System (AES) and how it relates to the Automated Commercial Environment (ACE). More importantly, how do any of these changes affect you?

What is Changing with the AES?
The AES was developed back in 1994 and the system’s technology and platform needed to be updated and refreshed. This migration of the AES to ACE is called the rehost. The purpose of the rehost is to make the technology more modern in order to develop a transition to the ACE. The ACE will become the “single window”, the primary system through which the international trade community will submit import and export data and documentation required by all Federal agencies.

How will the Rehost Affect You?
You will continue to transmit your export shipments through AESDirect as you have in the past. For companies that use software vendors, service centers or self-developed software, continue to transmit in the same fashion.The changes to the AES are best defined as an internal upgrade.

The AES and ACE-Export are the same system, however, it may also be referred to as part of the International Trade Data System or ITDS.

The AES Rehost and migration to ACE helps us move export processing into the 21st century. If you want more information, please visit

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Looking for new data categories?

By: Janet Freas

Have you ever searched for data on a specific commodity and couldn’t find any?

A goal of the HTS and Schedule B is to provide quantity and value data for businesses, policy makers, and researchers. Good data helps both the public and private sectors make informed decisions. There are times when a new data category (10-digit number) is needed in order to obtain more detailed statistics.

Apple Graph

For example, interest in organic foods resulted in a change to the classification schedules to identify how much of the fresh apples exported from the U.S. were certified organic. After the “break-out” (creation of a new classification number), one could see how the percentage of certified organic apples grew from 5% in 2011 to 13% in 2013. This information could make a big impact on business decisions!

Petitioning the 484(f) Committee to Create New Classification Number
If you feel the schedules are not meeting your data needs, you may suggest changes by submitting a petition to the Chairman of the 484(f) Committee to the following:

The Committee for Statistical Annotation of Tariff Schedules
United States International Trade Commission (USITC)
Washington, D.C. 20436
Or electronic mail to

What do I include in my petition?
……1.   Indicate if the change relates to only HTS or Schedule B, or both.
……2.   Indicate the precise nature of each desired change.
……3.   Provide exact proposed language to be inserted or deleted.

Requests for changes should be submitted no later than:
……•   April 1 – Spring meeting
……•   August 1 – Fall meeting

For more information about the 484(f) Committee and the petition process, please see the “Preface” section of the ITC’s website.

Please note: The 484(f) committee can not change any duty rate or tariff lines.  The purpose of the 484(f) committee is to assess category change only for statistical purposes.

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Shipping Goods from a Foreign Trade Zone to Puerto Rico

By: Katrina R. King

Cars and car parts, pharmaceuticals, electronics, machine parts, clothing articles, wine and spirits are all examples of goods that are withdrawn from a Foreign Trade Zone (FTZ) and shipped to various places including Puerto Rico on a regular basis.  If you are moving goods from a FTZ to Puerto Rico, you need to be knowledgeable of a few things.

According to section 30.2 of the Foreign Trade Regulations, Electronic Export Information (EEI) is required for goods shipped from a FTZ to Puerto Rico.  So, if you are shipping goods from a FTZ to Puerto Rico, you must file the EEI in the Automated Export System (AES) or AESDirect, just as you would for goods shipped between the U.S. and Puerto Rico, and goods shipped from FTZs to foreign countries.

Remember 4-16-2014 11-39-55 AM

When reporting the EEI in the AES, you are responsible for submitting complete and accurate information known at the time of export.  The U.S. Census Bureau uses the EEI for statistical purposes, which contribute to the publication of FTZ export statistics. Just remember, an EEI is required if goods are withdrawn from a FTZ and destined to Puerto Rico.

If you have questions about FTZs, you can contact the Data Collection Coordination Branch at 301-763-2259.  For more information, you can visit the following websites:

For questions related to the regulation referenced above, you can contact the Regulations Outreach and Education Branch at 1-800-549-0595, option 3.


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Commodity Spotlight: Painting Exports

By: Heather Hrytsyshyn

Recently, there has been a lot of attention on paintings fetching extremely high prices at auctions. Some of these paintings are exported once the sale is complete. In fact, the United States has exported an impressive $48.2 billion* in paintings over the last decade (2003-2013). Take a look at the graph below to see the trend:

2-26-2014 graph - paintings

Domestic versus Foreign Paintings – Move Over Picasso!

As you can see, the collection of export statistics for paintings is separated by whether they were produced domestically or in a foreign country.

  • Total Exports of Domestic Paintings (2003-2013)= $24.9 Billion**
  • Total Exports of Foreign Paintings (2003-2013)= $23.3 Billion**

While the difference seems relatively small, exports of domestic paintings exceeded exports of foreign paintings by $1.5 billion* over the last ten years.

Reminder when Reporting Painting Exports in the AES:

  1. Classification: For exports of paintings (both domestic and foreign), choose Schedule B Code 9701.10.0000.
  2. Domestic/ Foreign Indicator: When you are filing electronic export information in the AES for paintings, make sure that you have the correct foreign or domestic indicator selected under Origin of Goods. See image from AESDirect below:

d&f indicatorFor domestic and foreign export data, please refer to “Merchandise Data” on the Census Bureau’s webpage Foreign Trade Data Products. For general information on how to obtain international trade data from USA Trade Online, contact the Data Dissemination Branch at 1-800-549-0595, option 4.

*Export data from USA Trade Online
**Domestic an foreign export data from Merchandise Data

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A Sigh of Relief…180 Day Grace Period for the Revisions to the Foreign Trade Regulations (FTR)

By: Daniel Cariello

The new export reporting requirements have captured the attention of both experienced and non-experienced exporters. Between new exemptions, deleted exemptions, new definitions, modified language… it can all seem a bit daunting at first.

October 2 photoTo help you out, the Census Bureau and Customs and Border Protection (CBP) have issued FTR Letter # 8 that addresses concerns for complying with the Final Rule effective April 5, 2014. The new FTR Letter #8, implements a 180 day informed compliance period, which means that between April 5, 2014 through October 2, 2014, no penalties will be issued to filers who fail to comply with the new revisions to the FTR.

So what does this mean for exporters?

Penalties can still be issued for violations related to the FTR published June 2, 2008. Additionally, the Census Bureau and CBP will continue their outreach efforts to educate the trade community on the new requirements of the Final Rule.

What is changing in the FTR?

Changes to the FTR were summarized in our previous blog post “The New Foreign Trade Regulations (FTR) Export Requirements.” If you want to read the new export regulations in their entirety, check out our easy to read interactive FTR.

For questions related to changes in the FTR, please call 1-800-549-0595, option 3. For technical questions related to filing in the Automated Export System, choose option 1.

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Trade Deficit Increases in February

By: Joseph DeCampo and Shannon O’Brien

In February, the Nation’s international trade deficit in goods and service increased to $42.3 billion as exports decreased and imports increased. Imports of services increased $0.8 billion from January to February. The increase was mainly accounted for by an increase in royalties and license fees ($0.8 billion), which included payments for the rights to broadcast the 2014 Winter Olympic Games.

On the eve of February 6, Sochi, Russia hosted the opening ceremony that continued the legacy for 2,873 participating athletics and those watching from around the world.  During the month of February, 88 nations participated in the multi-sport competitions. To find more details about the 2014 Winter Olympic Games and meet the new Olympic medalists visit

A Profile of U.S. Importing and Exporting Companies, 2011-2012

This month also marks the release of the 2011-2012 Profile of U.S. Importing and Exporting Companies. If you aren’t familiar with it, the Profile is our annual release that combines FTD’s trade data with company information from the Census Business Register to provide company statistics on exporters and importers. With the information from the Business Register, we are able to break down exports or imports by the size or industry of the companies doing the exporting or importing. Using this company information along with what we gather in our trade data, we are able to provide data users with information such as how much value was exported to China by small (less than 100 employees) manufacturing companies. This is just one example of the many things you can find in the Profile.  Check it out!

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Why Tap into International Markets?

By: Omari Wooden

Why tap into international markets? Bottom line: exporting increases your sales and competitiveness. In 2013, American exports rose to $2.3 trillion. Don’t miss out!trade

If you’re not sure where to start, the best bet is to look directly at the data. We can help. Every month, the U.S. Census Bureau releases detailed information on over 9,000 export commodities and 18,000 import commodities. This information can help you track the global marketplace for your product, identify possible opportunities to expand your business and make informed decisions.

Another option is for U.S. businesses to attend international trade shows. Why?

  1. That’s Where the Money Is – Shows Are located in High-Growth Markets That Attract Buyers With Money to Spend
  2. Surrounded by Experts – Help Is Available Before, During and After the Show
  3. Government Help – U.S. and State governments can help you get the most out of International Trade Shows.

View this video for highlights on different opportunities you can find at International Trade Shows, such as the Arab Health Trade Show in Dubai.

For more information on attending international trade shows, please contact the U.S. Commercial Service at 1-800-USA-TRADE (872-8723).

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DON’T File on a Hunch!

By: Nidaal Jubran and Clara E. Santiago-Bello

When filing in AESDirect, you may be tempted to only fill out required data fields (marked in red) and ignore the conditional data fields (marked in blue). You may be surprised to know that it’s very uncommon for an AES record to contain only the data fields marked in RED. However, in most cases, at least one conditional field is required.cartoon guy at crossroads

Most of the conditional fields are located in the Shipment Information and Add Commodity Line sections in AESDirect and AESPcLink. Let’s define the most common conditional fields in these sections and find out when they are required.

Shipment Information

  • Transportation Reference Number: This is required for vessel shipments . This is the booking number provided by the carrier.
  • Port of Unlading: This is required for vessel shipments and all shipments between the U.S. and Puerto Rico. This is the first port where the vessel is offloaded from the exporting carrier.
  • Carrier SCAC/IATA: This is a 2, 3, or 4-digit character code that identifies the carrier. This is required for Vessel, Rail, Barge, Truck and Air shipments.
  • Conveyance Name: This is the name of the carrier company or vessel name for ocean shipments. It is required if the Carrier SCAC/IATA code is reported.

Commodity Line

  • Schedule B or HTS Number: This is a 10-digit code that classifies the merchandise you are shipping internationally. Most shipments require this information. The only situation when it’s not required is if you are exporting household effects or tools of the trade. An example might be if you are physically moving to another country, and you are exporting all of your personal effects.
  • 1st Quantity: This is required for most Schedule B or HTS Numbers. However, in some cases the 1st Quantity may not be required. Please take a look at the ‘Units for 1st Quantity’ data field after you have entered your Schedule B or HTS number. This will tell you if the 1st Quantity is required. If the Units for 1st Quantity shows ‘X-NO UNITS REQUIRED’, then you do not need to report the 1st Quantity.
  • Origin of Goods: This is required if a Schedule B or HTS Number is provided. This is not required for shipments of household effects or tools of the trade. If required, you must determine whether your goods were manufactured, assembled, or grown in the United States or abroad.

For additional information on conditional data elements, review Section 30.6 of the Foreign Trade Regulations.

If you need clarification on reporting conditional data elements to the AES, contact the AES Branch at 800-549-0595, option 1.

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