Collaboration Crushes Trade Fraud

Guest Post from Customs and Border Protection

The Census Bureau periodically works with the U.S. Customs and Border Protection to communicate important information to the trade community. Here is one of a series of posts that provides this information.

Have you ever wondered why you have to put the Vehicle Identification Number in your Electronic Export Information to the Automated Export System when reporting a vehicle?

Doing so helps U.S. Customs and Border Protection identify and shut down the trade of unsafe or illegal goods. Agencies across the federal government and across the globe collaborate to reduce trade fraud. Through Operation Atlantic, the United States and the United Kingdom have partnered to address illegal vehicle shipments. This article from Frontline highlights this partnership and details one way in which government agencies are collaborating in an effort to keep commerce strong and people safe.

Check out the full article from CBP!

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USA Trade Online is Now FREE!

By: Henock Kebede, International Trade Macro Analysis Branch Survey Statistician

Beginning Oct. 15, the newly redesigned USA Trade Online  became free for all users to access.

In addition, current users will find many new data fields and functions. The change will make this Census Bureau-provided data tool an even more powerful instrument for accessing and viewing U.S. international trade data.

USA Trade going free

In honor of the second World Statistics Day, now is the time to explore the rich variety of statistics available in USA Trade Online and learn how they support this year’s World Statistics Day theme of “Better Data. Better Lives”.

How does this affect my existing account?

If you currently have an active individual account that expires after Oct. 15, then the transition will be transparent to you and your access will continue uninterrupted.

Any USA Trade Online account with an annual subscription expiring after Oct. 15 will receive a refund for any remaining balance.

Because USA Trade Online will be free to access, multi-user site license holders will need to make the following changes:

    • Accounts: Create a single individual account to share among your users, or each person in your organization may create their own account. Stay tuned for further instructions by visiting the USA Trade Online website.
    • Saved reports: Any saved reports on a site license account will be transitioned to the new individual account.

We are excited about being able to provide all international trade data without cost. Please be sure to visit the USA Trade Online website frequently for updates and news about this transition. You can also contact us at 1-800-549-0595, option 4, if you have any questions.

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CBP Pipeline Clarification

The Census Bureau periodically works with the U.S. Customs and Border Protection to communicate important information to the trade community. Here is one of a series of posts that provide this information. 

Joint blog post from the Census Bureau’s International Trade Management Division and from U.S. Customs and Border Protection

Recently the U.S. Customs and Border Protection (CBP) sent out a Pipeline Notice to all ports regarding guidance on how penalties will be issued for reporting the incorrect date of export. Below is a copy of the notice sent to the Port of Chicago. The CBP and U.S. Census Bureau received numerous comments about these notices. In response, the Census Bureau has collaborated with CBP to provide the following clarifications.

We received two main comments from the export trade community. The first main comment was that the notice seemed confusing because, based on the title, it appeared to address pipeline export requirements. The CBP issues Pipeline Notices as a means to communicate between the port offices and the trade community. Pipeline Notices are frequently issued to communicate many topics, however, they are not necessarily related to pipeline export requirements discussed in the Foreign Trade Regulations. The second main comment was based on the way the notice was written, because it appeared that corrections could not and should not be made in the Automated Export System (AES). The Foreign Trade Regulations require corrections to be made to the AES record as soon as they are known and this requirement has not changed.

The overall intent of the notice was to offer insight and guidance on how the CBP will be issuing penalties for the incorrect date of export reported in the AES for all ports. A one-to-four-day margin of error is allowed when reporting date of export in the AES versus the actual date of export. However, the U.S. Principal Party in Interest (USPPI) or authorized agent is responsible for transmitting any changes (corrections, cancellations, or amendments) to the information as soon as they are known.

For example, if you report “Date of Export – 9/5/2015” in the AES and the goods are actually exported on 9/7/2015, the USPPI or authorized agent would not be subject to penalties because it falls within the one-to-four-day window that the CBP allows. However, if the goods are actually exported on 9/10/2015 or afterwards, the shipment is subject to potential CBP penalties if the AES record is not updated. Even if no penalties are issued, it is always the responsibility of the USPPI or authorized agent to update the AES record as soon as they become aware of the actual date of export.

If you have further questions with regards to the CBP Pipeline Notice, please contact Robert Rawls, Chief, Outbound Enforcement and Policy at 202-344-2847.

Pipeline Clarrification

 

 

 

 

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The Goods and Services Deficit Increased to $48.3 billion in August 2015

The U.S. Census Bureau and the U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis, through the Department of Commerce, announced today that the goods and services deficit was $48.3 billion in August, up $6.5 billion from $41.8 billion in July, revised. August exports were $185.1 billion, $3.7 billion less than July exports. August imports were $233.4 billion, $2.8 billion more than July imports.

The August increase in the goods and services deficit reflected an increase in the goods deficit of $6.6 billion to $67.9 billion and an increase in the services surplus of $0.1 billion to $19.6 billion.

Year-to-date, the goods and services deficit increased $17.6 billion, or 5.2 percent, from the same period in 2014. Exports decreased $58.9 billion or 3.8 percent. Imports decreased $41.3 billion or 2.2 percent.

August2015

Exports (Exhibits 3, 6, and 7)

Exports of goods decreased $4.1 billion to $124.5 billion in August.

Exports of goods on a Census basis decreased $4.0 billion.

  • Industrial supplies and materials decreased $2.2 billion.
    • Fuel oil decreased $0.6 billion.
    • Plastic materials decreased $0.2 billion.
    • Crude oil decreased $0.2 billion.

Net balance of payments adjustments decreased $0.1 billion.

Exports of services increased $0.4 billion to $60.6 billion in August.

  • Financial services increased $0.1 billion.
  • Travel (for all purposes including education) increased $0.1 billion.

Imports (Exhibits 4, 6, and 8)

Imports of goods increased $2.5 billion to $192.4 billion in August.

Imports of goods on a Census basis increased $3.3 billion.

  • Consumer goods increased $4.0 billion.
    • Cell phones and other household goods increased $2.1 billion.
    • Toys, games, and sporting goods increased $0.3 billion.

Net balance of payments adjustments decreased $0.8   billion.

Imports of services increased $0.3 billion to $41.1 billion in August.

  • Travel (for all purposes including education) increased $0.2 billion.
  • Transport, which includes freight and port services and passenger fares, increased $0.1 billion.

Goods by Selected Countries and Areas: Monthly – Census Basis (Exhibit 19)

The August figures show surpluses, in billions of dollars, with South and Central America ($3.3) and OPEC ($1.0).   Deficits were recorded, in billions of dollars, with China ($32.9), European Union ($14.5), Germany ($6.8), Mexico ($5.3), Japan ($5.2), South Korea ($2.7), Canada ($2.2), Italy ($2.1), France ($2.0), India ($1.9), United Kingdom ($0.3), Brazil ($0.2), and Saudi Arabia (less than $0.1).

  • The deficit with China increased $4.2 billion to $32.9 billion in August. Exports decreased $0.6 billion to $9.8 billion and imports increased $3.6 billion to $42.8 billion.
  • The deficit with the European Union increased $2.1 billion to $14.5 billion in August. Exports decreased $0.7 billion to $21.7 billion and imports increased $1.4 billion to $36.2 billion.

 

NOTE: All statistics referenced are seasonally adjusted; statistics are on a balance of payments basis unless otherwise specified.

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New Web Features Highlight the U.S. Census Bureau’s International Data

This is a repost from the US Census Bureau Director’s Blog.

Written by: John H. Thompson

The U.S. and World Population Clock is one of the most popular features on Census.gov. More than 2.4 million users a year access it to find national and world population estimates, as well as statistics on states and regions, age, sex and population density.

Today, I’m excited to showcase the addition of several new features to the World Population Clock. For the first time, basic population facts and visualizations are available for 228 countries and areas around the world, just as they are for U.S. states.

In addition, World Population Clock users can now get Census Bureau data on international trade in goods by country. It’s amazing to see the range and value of goods that states export to countries around the world – and it’s easy to download, share and embed the data in social media.

PopClock

If the new World Population Clock whets your interest in the Census Bureau’s international data, you may want to check out another recently added web feature – the International Map Viewer. This new tool shows four commonly requested demographic measures for foreign countries – total population, growth rate percent, life expectancy at birth and infant mortality rate – by clicking on a world map. It’s a great introduction to international demographic statistics from the Census Bureau, and we’ll continue to add measures to it.

I’m enthusiastic about these new features’ fusion of multiple data sources, both from within the Census Bureau (population, demographic and international trade data) and across the federal government (the maps that accompany the statistics). Many data sources have been combined to form a simple user experience. American travelers, students, researchers and businesses can now use the World Population Clock and International Map Viewer to get accurate, high-level information about countries’ populations and trade with the U.S.

This is just our latest effort to expand access to Census Bureau data through new tools and technologies. It’s part of our goal to expose our audience to new data sets and, hopefully, increase statistical literacy. These updates are part of the major upgrades we’re making to Census.gov so that our almost 50 million annual visitors can more easily find the information they want.

Try out the new World Population Clock and International Map Viewer features and tell us what you think at cnmp.web.comments@census.gov. If you like them, check out our mobile apps and other interactive data tools.

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How Do You Report Consolidated Shipments in the AES?

By: Shannon Barley

This blog is intended to help exporters file the AES record and use the “One Rule” to determine if goods make up one or multiple shipments. Let’s use a simple scenario to walk you through the necessary steps.

A New York exporter is getting ready to file an export shipment on behalf of Company ABC, a U.S. Principal Party in Interest (USPPI), in the Automated Export System (AES). But Company ABC is delivering goods from warehouses across the country.

The commercial invoices from Company ABC include the following information:

  • $5,000 of soccer balls from a Maryland warehouse.
  • $4,000 of soccer cleats from a Pennsylvania warehouse.
  • $3,000 of soccer nets from a Georgia warehouse.

And the consolidated shipment is scheduled to leave this Friday by vessel destined to Company XYZ.

So how do you handle this potentially messy transaction? 

The first step is to determine how many AES transactions to file.  Is there one shipment or multiple?  In other words, will one Internal Transaction Number be needed or more?

The “One Rule” will help us figure this out.  According to the “One Rule,” filing is required if goods are shipped:

Based off the “One Rule,” the above scenario is considered a single shipment. This shipment is from one USPPI (Company ABC), to one ultimate consignee (Company XYZ), on one conveyance (an ocean vessel), on one day (Friday), and over $2,500 per Schedule B number.  The fact that the commoditiescome from multiple warehouses in the United States does not matter.

So the “One Rule” fortunately tells us to file just one AES transaction, but what are the USPPI address and state of origin? Is it the address of the consolidation location in New York? Or the address of a warehouse in one of the states where the goods originated? In this scenario, you are to report Maryland because it is the state that the commodity with the greatest value originated from.

Below is an example of how to file this information in AESDirect:

Origin State

Consolidated Shipment Origin State.png

Cargo Origin

Consolidated Shipment Cargo Origin

 

If you have questions about this or other regulatory matters, please contact the Trade Regulations Branch at 800-549-0595, Option 3 or e-mail itmd.askregs@census.gov.

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The Goods and Services Deficit Decreased to $41.9 billion in July 2015

The U.S. Census Bureau and the U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis, through the Department of Commerce, announced today that the goods and services deficit was $41.9 billion in July, down $3.3 billion from $45.2 billion in June, revised. July exports were $188.5 billion, $0.8 billion more than June exports. July imports were $230.4 billion, $2.5 billion less than June imports.

The July decrease in the goods and services deficit reflected a decrease in the goods deficit of $3.4 billion to $61.4 billion and a decrease in the services surplus of less than $0.1 billion to $19.6 billion.

Year-to-date, the goods and services deficit increased $10.6 billion, or 3.6 percent, from the same period in 2014. Exports decreased $47.0 billion or 3.5 percent. Imports decreased $36.4 billion or 2.2 percent.

ustrade

Exports (Exhibits 3, 6, and 7)

Exports of goods increased $0.6 billion to $128.2 billion in July.

Exports of goods on a Census basis increased $1.0 billion.

  • Automotive vehicles, parts, and engines increased $0.6 billion.
  • Industrial supplies and materials increased $0.3 billion.
    • Nonmonetary gold increased $0.3 billion.
  • Consumer goods decreased $0.4 billion.

Net balance of payments adjustments decreased $0.4 billion.

Exports of services increased $0.2 billion to $60.3 billion in July.

  • Financial services increased $0.1 billion.
  • Other business services, which includes research and development services; professional and management services; and technical, trade-related, and other services, increased $0.1 billion.

Imports (Exhibits 4, 6, and 8)

Imports of goods decreased $2.7 billion to $189.6 billion in July.

Imports of goods on a Census basis decreased $2.1 billion.

  • Consumer goods decreased $2.6 billion.

o Pharmaceutical preparations decreased $1.5 billion.

o Cell phones and other household goods decreased $1.3 billion

Net balance of payments adjustments decreased $0.6 billion.

Imports of services increased $0.2 billion to $40.8 billion in July.

  • Travel (for all purposes including education) increased $0.1 billion.
  • Transport, which includes freight and port services and passenger fares, increased $0.1 billion.

Goods by Selected Countries and Areas: Monthly – Census Basis (Exhibit 19)

The July figures show surpluses, in billions of dollars, with South and Central America ($2.6), OPEC ($0.7), United Kingdom ($0.3), and Brazil ($0.2). Deficits were recorded, in billions of dollars, with China ($28.8), European Union ($12.4), Germany ($6.0), Japan ($5.4), Mexico ($3.8), Italy ($2.3), South Korea ($2.2), Canada ($2.1), India ($2.0), France ($1.1), and Saudi Arabia ($0.5).

  • The deficit with Mexico decreased $1.6 billion to $3.8 billion in July. Exports increased $0.7 billion to $20.7 billion and imports decreased $0.9 billion to $24.5 billion.
  • The deficit with the European Union decreased $1.4 billion to $12.4 billion in July. Exports increased $0.5 billion to $22.4 billion and imports decreased $1.0 billion to $34.8 billion.

NOTE: All statistics referenced are seasonally adjusted; statistics are on a balance of payments basis unless otherwise specified.

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How Do Import Entries Impact the Automated Export System (AES) Filing Requirements?

By: Maurice Hinton

We frequently get calls from the trade on whether AES filing is required for goods that previously entered in the United States, Puerto Rico, or the U.S. Virgin Islands. To answer that question it is important to know how the goods were imported. When goods come into the United States they are processed by U.S. Customs and Border Protection (CBP) using many different forms; however, we are only going to discuss three of the forms and determine if an AES filing is required as a result. The three CBP forms below, we will discuss are the ones we get the most questions on.

CBP Form 7501

Form 7501, Entry Summary, is used when goods are entered into the commerce of the United States for consumption. The instructions for this form can be found here. When goods enter the commerce of the United States and are subsequently exported, you are required to file in the AES if the goods are valued over $2,500 per Schedule B number or if they meet any criteria identified in the Foreign Trade Regulations (FTR) Section 30.2(a)(1)(iv). Alternatively, no AES filing is required if the goods that enter into the commerce of the United States via Form 7501 remain in the country.

CBP Form 7512

Form 7512, Transportation Entry and Manifest of Goods Subject to CBP Inspection and Permit, is used when the shipment is placed under a CBP bond while traveling from the port of arrival to the intended port of export. As a result, the goods never enter the consumption channels of the United States and an AES filing is not required.

CBP Form 214

Form 214, Application for Foreign-Trade Zone Admission and/or Status Designation, is used to admit goods into a Foreign Trade Zone (FTZ). The preferred filing method for goods admitted to an FTZ is by using the electronic CBP 214 (e214) via the Automated Broker Interface. Goods that are exported from an FTZ require an AES filing.

So as you can tell, you may have to do a little research to determine if filing in the AES is required for goods previously imported.  However, on the bright side, you have this blog to assist you.

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The Goods and Services Deficit Increased to $43.8 billion in June 2015

The U.S. Census Bureau and the U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis, through the Department of Commerce, announced today that the goods and services deficit was $43.8 billion in June, up $2.9 billion from $40.9 billion in May, revised. June exports were $188.6 billion, $0.1 billion less than May exports. June imports were $232.4 billion, $2.8 billion more than May imports.

The June increase in the goods and services deficit reflected an increase in the goods deficit of $2.9 billion to $63.5 billion and a decrease in the services surplus of less than $0.1 billion to $19.7 billion.

Year-to-date, the goods and services deficit increased $1.6 billion, or 0.6 percent, from the same period in 2014. Exports decreased $33.4 billion or 2.9 percent. Imports decreased $31.8 billion or 2.2 percent.

ustrade

Exports (Exhibits 3, 6, and 7)

Exports of goods decreased $0.2 billion to $127.6 billion in June.

Exports of goods on a Census basis decreased $0.5 billion.

  • Capital goods decreased $0.8 billion.
    • Telecommunications equipment decreased $0.3 billion.
  • Industrial supplies and materials decreased $0.6 billion.
    • Finished metal shapes decreased $0.3 billion.
  • Consumer goods increased $0.8 billion.

Net balance of payments adjustments increased $0.2 billion.

Exports of services increased $0.1 billion to $61.0 billion in June.

  • Other business services, which includes research and development services; professional and management services; and technical, trade-related, and other services, increased $0.1 billion.
  • Transport, which includes freight and port services and passenger fares, decreased $0.2 billion.

Imports (Exhibits 4, 6, and 8)

Imports of goods increased $2.7 billion to $191.1 billion in June.

Imports of goods on a Census basis increased $2.6 billion.

  • Consumer goods increased $1.7 billion.
    • Pharmaceutical preparations increased $1.3 billion.
  • Industrial supplies and materials increased $1.2 billion.
    • Crude oil increased $0.9 billion.
  • Capital goods decreased $1.3 billion.

Net balance of payments adjustments increased $0.1 billion.

Imports of services increased $0.1 billion to $41.4 billion in June.

  • Travel (for all purposes including education) increased $0.2 billion.
  • Transport decreased $0.2 billion.

Goods by Selected Countries and Areas: Monthly – Census Basis (Exhibit 19)

The June figures show surpluses, in billions of dollars, with South and Central America ($3.5), OPEC ($0.7), and Brazil ($0.6). Deficits were recorded, in billions of dollars, with China ($29.0), European Union ($13.9), Germany ($6.8), Mexico ($5.4), Japan ($5.2), Canada ($3.1), South Korea ($2.3), Italy ($2.2), France ($1.7), India ($1.6), Saudi Arabia ($0.5), and United Kingdom ($0.2).

  • The deficit with Canada shifted from a surplus of $0.2 billion in May to a deficit of $3.1 billion in June. Exports decreased $1.1 billion to $23.0 billion and imports increased $2.2 billion to $26.2 billion.
  • The deficit with Mexico increased $1.3 billion to $5.4 billion in June. Exports increased $0.1 billion to $20.0 billion and imports increased $1.4 billion to $25.5 billion.

NOTE: All statistics referenced are seasonally adjusted; statistics are on a balance of payments basis unless otherwise specified.

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