The Goods and Services Deficit Increased to $42.6 billion in October 2016

The U.S. Census Bureau and the U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis, through the Department of Commerce, announced today that the goods and services deficit was $42.6 billion in October, up $6.4 billion from $36.2 billion in September, revised. October exports were $186.4 billion, $3.4 billion less than September exports. October imports were $229.0 billion, $3.0 billion more than September imports.

The October increase in the goods and services deficit reflected an increase in the goods deficit of $6.3 billion to $63.4 billion and a decrease in the services surplus of $0.1 billion to $20.8 billion.

Year-to-date, the goods and services deficit decreased $8.8 billion, or 2.1 percent, from the same period in 2015. Exports decreased $58.7 billion or 3.1 percent. Imports decreased $67.5 billion or 2.9 percent.

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Exports (Exhibits 3, 6, and 7 in the FT-900)

Exports of goods decreased $3.5 billion to $123.1 billion in October.

Exports of goods on a Census basis decreased $3.2 billion.

  • Foods, feeds, and beverages decreased $1.4 billion.
    • Soybeans decreased $1.0 billion.
    • Corn decreased $0.5 billion.
  • Industrial supplies and materials decreased $1.0 billion.
    • Nonmonetary gold decreased $0.5 billion.
    • Fuel oil decreased $0.5 billion.
  • Consumer goods decreased $0.9 billion.

Net balance of payments adjustments decreased $0.3 billion.

 Exports of services increased $0.1 billion to $63.3 billion in October.

  • Transport, which includes freight and port services and passenger fares, increased $0.1 billion.

Imports (Exhibits 4, 6, and 8 in the FT-900)

Imports of goods increased $2.8 billion to $186.5 billion in October.

Imports of goods on a Census basis increased $2.7 billion.

  • Consumer goods increased $2.4 billion.
    • Pharmaceutical preparations increased $0.7 billion.
    • Cell phones and other household goods increased $0.4 billion.
  • Capital goods increased $1.1 billion.
    • Computer accessories increased $0.6 billion.
  • Automotive vehicles, parts, and engines decreased $0.7 billion.

Net balance of payments adjustments increased $0.1 billion.

Imports of services increased $0.2 billion to $42.4 billion in October.

  • Transport increased $0.2 billion.

Goods by Selected Countries and Areas: Census Basis (Exhibit 19)

The October figures show surpluses, in billions of dollars, with Hong Kong ($2.6), South and Central America ($1.8), Singapore ($1.3), Brazil ($0.1). Deficits were recorded, in billions of dollars, with China ($28.9), European Union ($12.9), Mexico ($5.8), Japan ($5.8), Germany ($4.7), India ($2.4), Italy ($2.2), OPEC ($2.1), Canada ($1.7), France ($1.6), South Korea ($1.4), Taiwan ($1.0), United Kingdom ($0.7), and Saudi Arabia ($0.2).

  • The deficit with China increased $2.0 billion to $28.9 billion in October. Exports increased $0.5 billion to $10.6 billion and imports increased $2.4 billion to $39.5 billion.
  • The balance with Canada shifted from a surplus of $0.2 billion in September to a deficit of $1.7 billion in October. Exports decreased $0.9 billion to $22.0 billion and imports increased $1.0 billion to $23.6 billion.
  • The balance with the United Kingdom shifted from a surplus of $0.9 billion in September to a deficit of $0.7 billion in October. Exports decreased $1.0 billion to $4.3 billion and imports increased $0.6 billion to $5.0 billion.

 

NOTE: All statistics referenced are seasonally adjusted; statistics are on a balance of payments basis unless otherwise specified.

 

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The Liquid Joy of the American Economy

 Written by: Steven Finkelstein 

As you sip your “Morning Joe,” “afternoon pick-me-up” or “rocket fuel,” think about where that java might have come from. In this blog, we will talk about the impact of this popular beverage on international trade.

Last year, the United States imported $5.9 billion in coffee and exported close to $1.0 billion. Brazil, Colombia, Vietnam, Guatemala and Canada were the top five countries importing coffee to the United States.

Because coffee comprises nearly $6.0 billion in imports, we took a magnifying glass to the trade data to find some recent trends. Brazil served as the leading source of coffee imports with $1.3 billion, accounting for 22.8 percent of the coffee import market. Of note, is the increase of coffee imports from Colombia. From 2010 to 2015, Colombia experienced an average annual increase of $67.7 million in coffee imports. This establishes Colombia as the largest expanding market over the past five years.

 

This blog provides a snapshot of how coffee impacts international trade. For more details, visit USA Trade Online today.

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Did You Know? Fall Edition

Written by: Erwin Parson, International Trade Management Division

The season is changing from the blazing hot days of summer to the cool afternoons of fall. The leaves are starting to turn vibrant oranges, reds and yellows and transform our landscape.

Harvested in October, pumpkins are traditionally associated with this time of year. Did you buy your pumpkin yet?

Did You Know?

  • There was about a 1,383 percent increase in exports of pumpkins, squash and gourds from the United States between 2012 and 2015.
  • In 2015, the United States exported approximately $49.0 million in pumpkins, squash and gourds to Canada.

These statistics come from USA Trade Online, a dynamic data tool provided by the U.S. Census Bureau that gives users access to current and cumulative U.S. export and import data.

This powerful software allows users to create customized reports and colorful charts detailing international trade data at different levels. All data are updated each month with the release of the latest U.S. International Trade in Goods and Services Report.

This data supports manufacturers and businesses wishing to expand their business globally, as well as economists in interpreting economic news and performing academic research, and governments and federal agencies in analyzing domestic and international trade policies.

For more information on U.S. Trade Statistics, visit <https://usatrade.census.gov>.

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The Goods and Services Deficit Decreased to $36.4 billion in September 2016

The U.S. Census Bureau and the U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis, through the Department of Commerce, announced today that the goods and services deficit was $36.4 billion in September, down $4.0 billion from $40.5 billion in August, revised. September exports were $189.2 billion, $1.0 billion more than August exports. September imports were $225.6 billion, $3.0 billion less than August imports.

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The September decrease in the goods and services deficit reflected a decrease in the goods deficit of $2.6 billion to $57.5 billion and an increase in the services surplus of $1.4 billion to $21.1 billion.

Year-to-date, the goods and services deficit decreased $9.2 billion, or 2.5 percent, from the same period in 2015. Exports decreased $60.5 billion or 3.5 percent. Imports decreased $69.7 billion or 3.3 percent.

Exports (Exhibits 3, 6, and 7 in the FT-900)

Exports of goods increased $0.6 billion to $126.1 billion in September. 

Exports of goods on a Census basis increased $0.7 billion.

  • Capital goods increased $1.6 billion.
    • Civilian aircraft increased $1.4 billion.
  • Consumer goods increased $0.7 billion.
  • Artwork, antiques, stamps, and other collectibles increased $1.0 billion.
  • Foods, feeds, and beverages decreased $1.7 billion.
    • Soybeans decreased $2.0 billion.

Net balance of payments adjustments decreased $0.1 billion.

 Exports of services increased $0.4 billion to $63.1 billion in September.

  • Travel (for all purposes including education) increased $0.4 billion.

Imports (Exhibits 4, 6, and 8 in the FT-900)

Imports of goods decreased $2.0 billion to $183.7 billion in September.

Imports of goods on a Census basis increased $1.8 billion.

  • Capital goods decreased $1.7 billion.
  • Civilian aircraft decreased $0.5 billion.
  • Consumer goods decreased $0.8 billion.
    • Pharmaceutical preparations decreased $0.7 billion.
  • Automotive vehicles, parts, and engines increased $1.2 billion.
    • Passenger cars increased $1.1 billion.

Net balance of payments adjustments decreased $0.2 billion.

Imports of services decreased billion $1.0 to $42.0 billion in September.

  • Charges for the use of intellectual property decreased $1.2 billion. Charges for August included payments for the rights to broadcast the 2016 Summer Olympic Games.

Goods by Selected Countries and Areas: Census Basis (Exhibit 19)

The September figures show surpluses, in billions of dollars, with Hong Kong ($2.5), South and Central America ($1.8), United Kingdom ($0.9), Singapore ($0.7), and Brazil ($0.3). Deficits were recorded, in billions of dollars, with China ($26.9), European Union ($11.7), Japan ($5.4), Germany ($5.3), Mexico ($4.8), Italy ($2.8), India ($2.2), South Korea ($1.4), OPEC ($1.2), France ($0.8), Taiwan ($0.5), Canada ($0.4), and Saudi Arabia ($0.1).

  • The deficit with China decreased $2.2 billion to $26.9 billion in September. Exports increased $0.2 billion to $10.2 billion and imports decreased $2.1 billion to $37.1 billion.
  • The deficit with France decreased $1.2 billion to $0.8 billion in September. Exports increased $0.6 billion to $2.9 billion and imports decreased $0.6 billion to $3.7 billion.
  • The balance with Saudi Arabia shifted from a surplus of $0.8 billion in August to a deficit of $0.1 billion in September. Exports decreased $1.0 billion to $1.5 billion and imports decreased $0.1 billion to $1.6 billion.

 

NOTE: All statistics referenced are seasonally adjusted; statistics are on a balance of payments basis unless otherwise specified.

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Annotating an Export Shipment: Filing Citations, Exemption and Exclusion Legends

Written by: Charles Gamble

The U.S. Census Bureau often receives questions on how to annotate commercial documents for export shipments to minimize potential delays at the port of export. In a previous blog on Filing Citations and Exemption Legends, we provided an overview of filing citations and exemption legends. In this blog, I would like to expand upon the information previously provided. We will discuss the use of exclusion legends and give a snap shot of the different types of citations and legends that must be clearly stated on the commercial loading documents. 

Exclusion legends are used for shipments that fall outside the scope of the Foreign Trade Regulations (FTR). The types of shipments that are excluded from filing requirements are identified in Section 30.2(d) of the FTR.  It is important to remember that whether you are required to file the Electronic Export Information (EEI) or not, the correct annotation must be displayed on the commercial loading document or in a prominent location on the shipment package. Below is a snapshot describing the citations and legends that must be provided prior to exportation.    

Citations / Legends Description Annotation
Proof of Filing Citation Parties to the transaction file the EEI and receive their Internal Transaction Number (ITN) before the exportation of the shipment. Automated Export System (AES) ITN. Example: AES X20160523777777
Postdeparture Citation Postdeparture approved U.S. Principal Party in Interest (USPPI) have the privilege of filing  EEI within five days after exportation rather than obtaining the ITN in advance. USPPI Filed: AESPOST followed by the USPPI ID and followed by the DATE OF EXPORT. Example: AESPOST   123456789 05/23/2016 Agent Filed:   AESPOST followed by the USPPI ID FILER ID and followed by the DATE OF EXPORT. Example:   AESPOST  123456789  – 987654321   05/23/2016
AES Downtime Filing Citation When the AES experiences a major failure, the AES Downtime Filing Citation is used in place of a proof of filing citation.  The downtime filing citation is not to be used when the filer’s system is down, experiencing delays or for shipments subject to the International Traffic in Arms Regulations. AESDOWN followed by the FILER ID and followed by DATE OF EXPORT. Example:   AESDOWN 123456789 05/23/2016
Exemption Legends These transactions are within the scope of the FTR, but certain details make them exempt from filing EEI in the AES. The exemptions are located in 30.36 – 30.40. Below are two of the most commonly used exemptions: Ø 30.36 Exemption for shipments destined to Canada. Ø 30.37(a) Exemption for shipments that are valued $2,500 or less per Schedule B. NO EEI followed by the corresponding   FTR Exemption. Example: NO EEI 30.37(a)
Exclusion Legends These transactions are outside the scope of the FTR and shall be excluded from filing EEI in the AES. Exclusions: Ø 30.2(d)(1) Good transiting the U.S. under U.S. Customs and Border Protection bond from one foreign country to another. NO EEI followed by the corresponding FTR Exclusion. Example: NO EEI 30.2(d)(1)
  Ø 30.2(d)(2) – Except Puerto Rico and the U.S. Virgin Islands, goods shipped from the U.S. territories and goods shipped between the U.S. and these territories do not require EEI filing. Ø 30.2(d)(3) Electronic transmissions and intangible transfers. Ø 30.2(d)(4) – Goods shipped to Guantanamo Bay Naval Base from the U.S., Puerto Rico, or the U.S. Virgin Islands and from Guantanamo Bay Naval Base to the U.S., Puerto Rico, or the U.S. Virgin Islands. Ø 30.2(d)(5) – Goods licensed by a federal agency where the country of ultimate destination is the U.S. or goods destined to international waters where the entity assuming control of the goods is a U.S. entity.  

I hope this information helps you present the correct citation, exclusion or exemption legend to the carrier for your next export shipment. Providing the correct citation or legend will help your shipments export in a timely fashion.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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The Goods and Services Deficit Increased to $40.7 billion in August 2016

The U.S. Census Bureau and the U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis, through the Department of Commerce, announced today that the goods and services deficit was $40.7 billion in August, up $1.2 billion from $39.5 billion in July, revised.  August exports were $187.9 billion, $1.5 billion more than July exports. August imports were $228.6 billion, $2.6 billion more than July imports.

The August increase in the goods and services deficit reflected a decrease in the goods deficit of less than $0.1 billion to $60.3 billion and a decrease in the services surplus of $1.2 billion to $19.6 billion.

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Year-to-date, the goods and services deficit decreased $4.3 billion, or 1.3 percent, from the same period in 2015. Exports decreased $62.4 billion or 4.1 percent. Imports decreased $66.8 billion or 3.6 percent.

Exports (Exhibits 3, 6, and 7 in the FT-900)

Exports of goods increased $1.2 billion to $125.3 billion in August.

Exports of goods on a Census basis increased $0.8 billion.

  • Industrial supplies and materials increased $1.4 billion.
    • Nonmonetary gold increased $0.9 billion.
  • Automotive vehicle, parts, and engines increased $0.4 billion.
  • Capital good decreased $0.7 billion.
    • Civilian aircraft decreased $0.8 billion.

Net balance of payments adjustments increased $0.4 billion.

 Exports of services increased $0.3 billion to $62.5 billion in August.

  • Travel (for all purposes including education) increased $0.2 billion.
  • Transport, which includes freight and port services and passenger fares, increased $0.1 billion.

Imports (Exhibits 4, 6, and 8 in the FT-900)

Imports of goods increased $1.1 billion to $185.6 billion in August.

Imports of goods on a Census basis increased $1.2 billion.

  • Capital goods increased $1.2 billion.
    • Civilian aircraft increased $0.6 billion.
  • Other goods increased $0.7 billion.
  • Industrial supplies and materials decreased $0.8 billion.
    • Nonmonetary gold decreased $1.4 billion.

Net balance of payments adjustments decreased less than $0.1 billion.

Imports of services increased $1.5 billion to $43.0 billion in August.

  • Charges for the use of intellectual property increased $1.2 billion. The increase reflects payments for the rights to broadcast the 2016 Summer Olympic Games.
  • Travel (for all purposes including education) increased $0.2 billion.

Goods by Selected Countries and Areas: Census Basis (Exhibit 19)

The August figures show surpluses, in billions of dollars, with Hong Kong ($2.4), South and Central America ($1.7), Saudi Arabia ($0.8), Singapore ($0.7), United Kingdom ($0.4), and Brazil ($0.2). Deficits were recorded, in billions of dollars, with China ($29.2), European Union ($12.3), Japan ($5.7), Germany ($5.3), Mexico ($5.2), South Korea ($2.5), Italy ($2.4), France ($2.0), India ($1.9), Taiwan ($1.5), Canada ($1.1), and OPEC ($0.3).

  • The surplus with Hong Kong increased $0.4 billion to $2.4 billion in August. Exports increased $0.4 billion to $3.0 billion and imports increased less than $0.1 billion to $0.7 billion.
  • The balance with Saudi Arabia shifted from a deficit of $0.2 billion to a surplus of $0.8 billion in August. Exports increased $1.3 billion to $2.5 billion and imports increased $0.4 billion to $1.7 billion.
  • The deficit with France increased $1.0 billion to $2.0 billion in August. Exports decreased $0.6 billion to $2.3 billion and imports increased $0.4 billion to $4.3 billion.

NOTE: All statistics referenced are seasonally adjusted; statistics are on a balance of payments basis unless otherwise specified.

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How Does the Manufacturing Industry Contribute to International Trade?

Written by: Steven Finkelstein, International Trade Macro Analysis Branch

Manufacturing Day is almost here! This is the time to celebrate manufacturing in all facets of society. In particular, let’s zoom in on international trade and how the manufacturing industry impacts goods that flow in and out of the United States. When it comes to trade in manufactured goods, the U.S. Census Bureau provides a wealth of resources.

USA Trade Online our free, international trade database, provides customizable reports to the public on a monthly basis. It offers users the ability to break down trade in manufactured goods by various districts, time periods and commodity codes (manufacturing North American Industry Classification System [NAICS] codes start with “3”). After customizing the data selections, you can export the report into a .csv file.

The U.S International Trade in Goods and Services Report offers a standard report titled, Goods by Selected NAICS-based Product Category. This report is the first supplemental exhibit and it offers high-level trade in manufactured goods data on a monthly basis. As the title indicates, this report does not offer trade data by all NAICS codes. To get data on all 6-digit NAICS codes, use the NAICS web application. The Census Bureau assigns NAICS codes based on data collected using the Harmonized System codes.

If you are interested in trade in manufactured goods data at a more granular level, then you might want to check out the Manufacturing and International Trade Report (MITR). MITR is a series of trade exhibits that are released on an annual basis. The data is based on the Annual Survey of Manufacturers and is from official U.S. export and import merchandise trade statistics. This is the only report that presents international trade data at the 7-digit NAICS level, which provides a more in-depth look at each product category.

The International Trade snapshot focuses on the top five domestic exports of manufactured goods over the past several years. These include transportation equipment, chemicals, machinery except electrical, computer and electrical products, and petroleum and coal products. From May 2015 to May 2016, exports of manufactured goods totaled $1,173 billion. Here are the top five domestic exports of manufactured goods categories and their respective totals during this time period:

  1. Transportation equipment: $274.6 billion
  2. Chemicals: $195.0 billion
  3. Computer and electrical products: $127.7 billion
  4. Machinery except electrical: $126.2 billion
  5. Petroleum and coal products: $78.2 billion

Exports of these commodities total in the billions of dollars each year. From autos and light duty motor vehicles (NAICS 336111) in the transportation equipment industry (NAICS 336) to plastics materials and resins (NAICS 325211) in the chemicals industry (NAICS 325), it should come as no surprise that manufacturing is a major driver of the American economy.

For more information about the 2016 Manufacturing Day, October, 7, visit http://www.mfgday.com.

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Crater of Diamonds

Written by: Erwin (Randy) Parson, International Trade Management Division 

Did you know that diamonds could be unearthed in the U.S.?

The biggest diamond found in the U.S. was 40.23 carats and was named “Uncle Sam” after the nickname of its finder, W.O. Basham. He found the diamond in 1924 at Murfreesboro State Park in Arkansas, now known as Crater of Diamonds State Park. In fact, there have been more than 75,000 diamonds found at the Crater of Diamonds State Park since farmer John Huddleston first discovered diamonds on his land in 1906.

When U.S. diamonds are exported, the U.S. Census Bureau counts them. Under the Clean Diamond Trade Act, the Census Bureau is the designated exporting authority and the Customs and Border Protection Agency is the importing authority. Ultimately, the Census Bureau’s International Trade Management Division is responsible for collecting, compiling and publishing import and export statistics under the provisions of Title 13, U.S. Code Chapter 9, and Title 15, CFR Part 30.

Rough diamonds entering or exiting the U.S. must be filed in accordance with the standards, practices and procedures of the Kimberley Process Certification Scheme set out in the Department of Treasury, Office of Foreign Assests Control, Rough Diamond Control Regulations.

According to statistics as of June 10, 2016, taken from the Kimberley Process Rough Diamond Statistics Website, the Russian Federation was the largest producer of rough diamonds by volume and value with 41.9 million carats, valued at $4.2 billion in 2015. Second by volume and value was Botswana with 20.8 million carats, valued at approximately $3 billion.

The U.S. was the ninth largest importer of rough diamonds by volume with 2.0 million carats valued at $343.5 million in value. The U.S. was ranked as the 17th largest exporter of rough diamonds with approximately 1.1 million carats valued at $180.4 million in 2015.

Source: Kimberley Process Certification Scheme dated June 10, 2016.

What do you get when you mix a park full of rough diamonds with a “finders keepers” policy? Diamond hunting!

For more information on trade data such as state imports and exports, emerging markets and top trading partners, visit <https://usatrade.census.gov/>.

For more information and access to data on rough diamonds, visit the Kimberley Process Rough Diamonds Statistics page at <https://kimberleyprocessstatistics.org/>.

To learn more about Crater of Diamonds State Park, visit <www.craterofdiamondsstatepark.com/>.

Also, check out these other Global Reach blog posts for more information:

 

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The Goods and Services Deficit Decreased to $39.5 billion in July 2016

The U.S. Census Bureau and the U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis, through the Department of Commerce, announced today that the goods and services deficit was $39.5 billion in July, down $5.2 billion from $44.7 billion in June, revised. July exports were $186.3 billion, $3.4 billion more than June exports. July imports were $225.8 billion, $1.8 billion less than June imports.

The July decrease in the goods and services deficit reflected a decrease in the goods deficit of $5.3 billion to $60.3 billion and a decrease in the services surplus of $0.1 billion to $20.9 billion.

Year-to-date, the goods and services deficit decreased $0.5 billion, or 0.2 percent, from the same period in 2015. Exports decreased $63.7 billion or 4.8 percent. Imports decreased $64.2 billion or 4.0 percent.

ustrade

Exports (Exhibits 3, 6, and 7 in the FT-900)

Exports of goods increased $3.4 billion to $124.1 billion in July.

Exports of goods on a Census basis increased $3.6 billion.

  • Foods, feeds, and beverages increased $3.7 billion.
    • Soybeans increased $3.6 billion.

Net balance of payments adjustments decreased $0.2 billion.

 Exports of services decreased less than $0.1 billion to $62.3 billion in July.

  • Transport, which includes freight and port services and passenger fares, and financial services each decreased $0.1 billion.
  • Travel (for all purposes including education) increased $0.2 billion.

Imports (Exhibits 4, 6, and 8 in the FT-900)

Imports of goods decreased $1.9 billion to $184.4 billion in July.

Imports of goods on a Census basis decreased $1.9 billion.

  • Consumer goods decreased $1.5 billion.
    • Pharmaceutical preparations decreased $1.0 billion.
    • Cell phones and other household goods decreased $0.6 billion.
  • Capital goods decreased $0.7 billion.
    • Civilian aircraft decreased $0.9 billion.

Net balance of payments adjustments increased $0.1 billion.

Imports of services increased $0.1 billion to $41.4 billion in July.

  • Travel (for all purposes including education) increased $0.1 billion.

Goods by Selected Countries and Areas: Census Basis (Exhibit 19)

The July figures show surpluses, in billions of dollars, with South and Central America ($2.6), Hong Kong ($2.0), Singapore ($0.9), Brazil ($0.6), and United Kingdom ($0.5). Deficits were recorded, in billions of dollars, with China ($29.4), European Union ($11.8), Japan ($6.0), Germany ($5.3), Mexico ($5.2), South Korea ($2.3), India ($2.2), Italy ($1.8), Taiwan ($1.2), France ($1.0), OPEC ($0.9), Canada ($0.4), and Saudi Arabia ($0.2).

  • The balance with the United Kingdom shifted from a deficit of $0.2 billion in June to a surplus of $0.5 billion in July. Exports increased $0.1 billion to $4.7 billion and imports decreased $0.6 billion to $4.2 billion.
  • The deficit with France decreased $0.6 billion to $1.0 billion in July. Exports increased $0.5 billion to $2.9 billion and imports decreased $0.2 billion to $3.9 billion.
  • The deficit with China increased $1.4 billion to $29.4 billion in July. Exports increased $0.4 billion to $9.8 billion and imports increased $1.8 billion to $39.2 billion.

NOTE: All statistics referenced are seasonally adjusted; statistics are on a balance of payments basis unless otherwise specified.

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